Hey! have you ever visited Jaipur? The city also known as The Pink City, doesn’t only covet pink walls but a host of colorfull crafts to add to its cultural heritage like blue pottery, block printing, mirror work, Bandhani etc. let me take you on a journey of one of the fascinating craft of Bandhani.

Bandhani is a type of tie-dye textile decorated by plucking the cloth with the fingernails into many tiny bindings that form a figurative design. The term bandhani is derived from the word bandhani that means tying up. The colors used are red, yellow, green, black, blue and pink in the bandhani. The bandhani is done in Gujarat and Rajasthan. Bandhani started some 5000 years ago.  The bandhani work of Alwar was described in enthusiastic terms by Sir Thomas Wardle in 1886. The products produced by this method of dying are wonderfully soft and pleasant.

The city palace museum in Jaipur, where generation royal belongings are now kept, it contains a large number of tie-dyed costume pieces of all types and in a variety of designs and also the Victoria and Albert museum’s collection of Lahariya turban cloths.

The art of bandhani is a highly skilled process. The technique involves dying a fabric which is tied tightly with a thread at several points thus producing a variety of patterns like Chandrakala, Pavan bang, Shikari etc. Of course depending on the manner in which the cloth is tied.

Bandhani is divided into four parts first likhai is done then bandhani then rangai and then finally tipai.

There are the different type of dyes like vat dye, direct dye, naphthol dye and procion dye but in bandhani direct dye is done. Soon I will tell you how bandhani can be done at home in my next two blogs.


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